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RESPONSIBILITIES OF THE CHILD AND TOWARDS THE CHILD AS DEFINED IN THE AFRICAN CHARTER ON THE RIGHTS OF THE CHILD AND THE CHILDREN’S ACT 2001

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Responsibilities of the children
• To work for the cohesion of the family
• To respect parents, superiors and elders and assist them in case of need
• To preserve and strengthen social and national solidarity
• To preserve and strengthen African cultural value in their relations with other members of the society, in the spirit of tolerance, dialogue and consultation and to contribute to the moral wellbeing of the society.
• To preserve and strengthen the independence and integrity of one’s country
• Contribute to the promotion and achievement of African unity.
• According to the African charter article 20, parents and other care givers have the duty to their children as follows:
Responsibilities of parents/caregivers to their children include:
• Ensure that they put the best interest of the child as their basic concern at all times
• They ensure that domestic discipline is administered with humanity and in a manner that is consistent and keep the dignity of the child. A parent, who burns, batters, bites, starves or neglect the child in the name of disciplining is liable to discipline by the government.
• Take care of their children and provide them with proper diet, shelter, clothing, medical care, education and guidance.
• They should ensure that the child is not left to suffer or abused in anyway.
Parents also have rights with their children as follows:
• Provide guidance in religious, moral and cultural values
• Name their children
• Appoint a guardian for their children
• Take care of the property of the children for their benefit until they become adults
• Bury or cremate their children
• Allow or refuse movement of their children from Kenya
• Receive assistance in child rearing especially with regard to nutrition, housing and cloths.
• Have child rearing responsibilities shared by both parents
Responsibilities of the government towards the child
• Ensure the survival and development of the child e.g. by providing relief food in cases of droughts and foods
• Provide free and compulsory basic education
• Provide healthy and medical care
• Provide assistance for reunification of the child with his/her family.
• Give victims of abuse appropriate treatment and rehabilitation
• Provide a child who is a victim of armed conflict or natural disasters the protection, rehabilitation care and reintegration into normal life.

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